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What Are Percentages?

# What Are Percentages?

### What Are Percentages?

Percentages are a useful way to represent amounts. You can convert between fractions, decimals and percentages.

1

How many little blocks do you see here?

2

Now, how many of the blocks have been coloured in?

3

So $\frac{37}{100}$ blocks have been coloured in

This is the same as 37 percent of the blocks.

How can you also write 37 percent?

1

What does "percent" $\%$ actually mean?

Where else do you know "cent" from?

2

How many centimetres are there in a metre?

3

How many years are there in a century?

4

How many centilitres are there in a litre?

5

So "percent" means "per _________".

A) $10$ B) $100$ C) $1000$

6

"Percent" means "per 100"

So when you say $37\%$, you actually say "37 out of 100" or $\frac{37}{100}$

1

How many $\%$ of these blocks have been coloured in?

2

$\frac{50}{100}$ or $50\%$ of these blocks have been coloured in. What does the fraction $\frac{50}{100}$ become when it has been simplified as much as possible?

3

So $50\%$ is the same as $\frac{50}{100}$ which is the same as $\frac{1}{2}$

Half of these blocks are coloured in.

1

Now, which one of these cakes shows that only $50\%$ is left? Answer A, B or C.

2

Which cake shows that only $25\%$ is left? Answer A, B or C.

3

Which cake shows that $100\%$ is left? Answer A, B or C.

4

So what is $100\%$ the same as?

A) $1$ B) $100$ C) $0$

5

So $100\%$ is the same as $\frac{100}{100}$ or $1$ whole

$50\%$ is the same as $\frac{50}{100}$ or $\frac{1}{2}$

$25\%$ is the same as $\frac{25}{100}$ or $\frac{1}{4}$

1

How much is left of this pizza in $\%$?

How much is $\frac{69}{100}$ as a $\%$?

How do you write $24\%$ as a fully simplified fraction?

1

To recap! "Percent" means "per 100"

Here there are $\frac{37}{100}$ blocks filled in, so that is $37\%$

2

$100\%$ is the same as $1$ whole

$\frac{75}{100}$ or $75\%$ is the same as $\frac{3}{4}$

$\frac{50}{100}$ or $50\%$ is the same as $\frac{1}{2}$

$\frac{25}{100}$ or $25\%$ is the same as $\frac{1}{4}$

1

So $1\%$ is the same as $\frac{1}{100}$

You can also say 1 hundredth.

2

How many hundredths are in the decimal $0.43$?

3

How do you think you can write $0.43$ as a $\%$?

4

So you can also change decimals to $\%$

For example, $0.43$ is the same as $\frac{43}{100}$ which is the same as $43\%$

How would you write $0.87$ as a $\%$?

Now, how much is $0.134$ in $\%$?

1

So what do you actually do when you change decimals into $\%$?

Have a good look at these examples again.

2

You change decimals into $\%$ by _____________ by $100$

A) dividing B) multiplying

3

You change decimals into $\%$ by multiplying by $100$

For example, $87\%$ is $\times100$ bigger than $0.87$

Now, what is $8\%$ as a decimal?

Pick the 3 options below that are the same as $40\%$

You can select multiple answers

What is $200\%$ the same as?

Pick the 3 options below that are the same as $150\%$

You can select multiple answers

1

Summary! "Percent" means "per 100"

$100\%$ is the same as $1$ whole.

2

You can change between fractions, decimals and percent

For example, $25\%$ is the same as $\frac{25}{100}$ or $\frac{1}{4}$ which is also the same as $0.25$