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Histograms

# Histograms

### Histograms

A histogram plots data where grouped intervals are not equal in size.

When data is collected in grouped intervals, the intervals may not be equally sized. When plotted as a bar chart, the bars are therefore different sizes. This is called a histogram.

In a histogram, the area of each bar represents the frequency, and frequency is not plotted on the y-axis. Instead, we plot “frequency density” on the y-axis.

1

The table shows the amount of money spent by a group of people on a weekend

To draw a histogram, we need to add two additional columns: the class width and the frequency density.

2

The class width is the size of the interval

Notice that the class width is different for each interval.

3

What is the class width of the interval $30?

4

What is the class width of the interval $60?

5

Now we can work out the frequency density

This is a measure of the area of the bar (like a bar chart). The formula for frequency density is given above.

6

The frequency density measures the area

The frequency density for the interval $0 is $\dfrac{4}{20}=0.2$

7

What is the frequency density at the interval $20?

8

At $20, the frequency density is 1.2

$\dfrac{12}{10}=1.2$

9

What is the frequency density at the interval $45?

10

At $45, the frequency density is 0.4

$\dfrac{6}{15}=0.4$

11

Nice!

Now we have the frequency density values, we can plot a histogram.